Tuesday, 29 March 2016

Dysart harbour, NT3092, 25/03/2016

With high hopes I headed for Dysart with broadly three areas in mind to list - (1) the littoral zone including the harbour and coastal rocks; (2) the trees at the east end of Ravenscraig park above the harbour and (3) the town. In the end I was underwhelmed at the amount of lichens on show, but overwhelmed with the percentage of crustose saxicolous species I couldn't name. There was little representation of those species already in the BLS database for the square, particularly epiphytes and littoral species. A more experienced lichen-botherer could have undoubtedly done better, but there were a lot of areas where there were no lichens, and a lot of new/newish stone. The trees, mature sycamores mostly, were all but bare and the littoral zone was bewilderingly lacking in lichens.

Since I timed the visit for low tide I started inside the harbour walls, where I fuond Verrucaria mucosa and a Caloplaca I haven't named yet. I had a chat about lichens with one of the locals who had spread the word about lichens to one of his friends by the time I was leaving the harbour!

Verrucaria mucosa
Caloplaca and friend

Also inside the harbour were a 'Candelariella' or two (edit: well ... not quite. K+ says otherwise! C.verruculifera with hindsight), also still to be named, though one looks like maybe C.vitellina. There were other crustose "grey" species also.

Emerging from the harbor to greet the new budding lichenologists of Dysart a low wall contained a few species, amongst which was this Verrucaria nigrescens and what seems to be Rhizocarpon reductum (I couldn't get any spores out of it)

Verrucaria nigrescens

Possibly Rhizocarpon reductum
With the tide nice and low I headed for the exposed rocks but found them to be pretty bare. I scanned them for Lichina and any signs of Verrucarias or Caloplaca but they were mostly either completely bare or contained only algae.

One Verrucaria which covered quite a big area was Verrucaria ditmarsica. It was only present in areas where the stone was slightly more sheltered, but in those areas it covered the surface.

Abandoning the shore, after picking up a promising stone for later examination I found a few smooth bark species but nothing else on sycamores and an ash. At least some of these - Opegrapha atra and Arthonia radiata, were new to the square, and Lecanora chlarotera and Lecidella elaeochroma were also there.

Making my way to the wall above the harbour I found a species or two more before making my way back down to the town

Caloplaca ... keys out to saxicola but I'm unsure
Again some samples were taken but what will come of them is anybody's guess. Running out of time I managed a quick foray up one street where I found some nice Collema crispum before calling it quits with my bag of packets. It will probably be two weeks before everything shakes out. My first attempt at a "square bash" with some limited success but plenty of scope for expansion

Collema crispum

Wednesday, 23 March 2016

Cullaloe LNR

An interesting rose has managed to accumulate a few twiggy lichens - not doing badly at all.

An alder had mostly uninteresting smooth bark species with maybe X.polycarpa on the only twig I could reach. The rest were too far above and maybe were hugely interesting!

Maybe the best find of the morning was what I hope to be Gyalecta jenensis. We shall see, but that peachy/apricotty colour, the pale crenulate apothecia, the orbicular young apothecia and the substrate (mortar) make me optimistic

Tuesday, 22 March 2016

Opegrapha varia, Dumbarnie Links, 12/03/2016

Corticolous on Hawthorn, this is the first record of the species since 1974 - very far away from previous records too. The fat lirellate apothecium is sitting amongst some free algae on the bark and spores are at least 5-septate on the bottom picture while still in the ascus

Monday, 21 March 2016

Protoblastenia rupestris, Cullaloe LNR

A lovely species on mortar, reminding me to go back to paper on lichen associations and have a read through the sections on base substrates

Thursday, 10 March 2016

Fife BLS record distribution by square

The chart shows the distribution of BLS records by square (source NBN BLS records). Though I haven't actually checked it may also include lichenicolous fungi. The number of records gives a rough guide to the recording effort in each square, with, for example, NS99 having one visit so number of records = number of species.

Mossmorran's Cladonia fields

A quickie pre-work trip to Mossmorran provided some nice entertainment in the genus Cladonia. I'll get the chemicals out this evening

Mossmorran s.l.




C.cervicornis var. verticillata




Wednesday, 2 March 2016

Abrothallus prodiens

Not in Fife, but not far away, this lichenicolous fungi was found at Red Moss reserve in the Lothians - by far the most southerly occurrence as per NBN and not known away from the eastern highlands in Great Britain


There are a number of species of Abrothallus which seem to be quite host specific. Obviously something worth looking out for


(ID credit BJC)